General Data Protection Regulation

Data Privacy Impact Statement (DPIA)

A Data Privacy Impact Statement (DPIA) is required where a type of processing in particular using new technologies, while considering the nature, scope, context and purpose of the data processing is likely to result in a high risk to the rights and freedoms of natural persons i.e. data subjects. When this happens, the Data Process Controller or person responsible for data protection i.e. GDPR will, before processing of the personal data, carry out an assessment of the impact that they envisage the processing operation may / will have on the protection / non-protection of this personal data. A single assessment may address a set of similar processing operations that may / will present similar high risks.

There are six key parts or stages to a DPIA namely:

  1. Description
  2. Analysis
  3. Consultation
  4. Conclusion
  5. Prior Consultation
  6. Repetition

In the Description Stage, the Data Process Controller describes in detail the overall context of the process and the data processing operation that is taking place therein.

In the Analysis Stage, they provide a systematic description of the processing operation, the purposes of processing and their legitimate interest in it.

In the Consultation Stage, they seek the advices of the Data Protection Officer and seek the views of the people effected by this processing i.e. data subjects.

In the Conclusion Stage, they will carry out an assessment of the ‘Necessity & Proportionately’ of the processing operation in relation to the purpose and a ‘Risk Assessment’ in relation to the rights and freedoms of data subjects.

In the Prior Consultation Stage, they will consult with the Data Protection Commissioner prior to processing, if the DPIA indicates that the processing of the data will be high risk in the absence of measures taken by them to mitigate the risk.

In the final stage, Repetition, a review will be carried out on a regular basis to confirm that the measures implemented are still protecting the personal data of the data subjects.

General Data Protection Regulation

General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) by 25th May 2018 for Organisations

In the website, they talk generally about what individuals and organisations need to go through and know with respect to the new data protection regulation that is due to go live in May this year.

This article summarises the 12 steps that organisations need to consider to try to be somewhat compliant by this date.

  1. Become aware – It is important that key personnel in your organisation are aware that the law is changing to the GDPR, and start to factor this into their future project planning
  2. Become accountable and responsible – Make an inventory of all personal data that you hold and examine it i.e. Why are you holding it; How did you obtain it; Why was it originally gathered; How long will you retain it; How secure is it both in terms of encryption and accessibility; do you ever share it with third parties and on what basis might you do so?
  3. Communicate GDPR with your staff – Review all current data privacy notices alerting individuals to the collection of their data
  4. Know about Personal Privacy Rights – You should review your procedures to ensure they cover all the rights individuals have, including how you would delete personal data or provide data electronically and in a commonly used format.
  5. How will personal data access requests change – You should review and update your procedures and plan how you will handle requests within the new timescales. There should be no undue delay in processing an access request within one month
  6. What does a ‘Legal Basis’ mean – You should look at the various types of data processing you carry out, identify your legal basis for carrying it out and document it. This is particularly important where consent is relied upon as the sole legal basis for processing data
  7. Customer consent as a reason to process personal data – If you do use customer consent when you record personal data, you should review how you seek, obtain and record that consent, and whether you need to make any changes. Consent must be ‘freely given, specific, informed and unambiguous’
  8. Processing children’s personal data – If the work of your organisation involves the processing of data from underage subjects, you must ensure that you have adequate systems in place to verify individual ages and gather consent from guardians
  9. Data Protection Impact Assessments (DPIA) – DPIA is the process of systematically considering the potential impact that a project or initiative might have on the privacy of individuals. It will allow organisations to identify potential privacy issues before they arise, and come up with a way to mitigate them
  10. Reporting data breaches – You should make sure you have the right procedures in place to detect, report and investigate a personal data breach
  11. Data Protection Officers (DPOs) – GDPR will require some organisations to designate a Data Protection Officer (DPO). Organisations requiring DPOs include public authorities, organisations whose activities involve the regular and systematic monitoring of data subjects on a large scale, or organisations who process what is currently known as sensitive personal data on a large scale
  12. Cross-border data processing and the one stop shop – GDPR includes the one stop shop (OSS) mechanism, which will be in place for data controllers and data processors that are engaged in cross-border processing of personal data.



General Data Protection Regulation

General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) by 25th May 2018 for Individuals

In the website, they talk generally about what individuals and organisations need to go through and know with respect to the new data protection regulation that is due to go live in May this year.

This article summarises what individuals i.e. data subjects need to be aware of.

The new law will give individuals greater control over their data by setting out additional and more clearly defined rights for individuals whose personal data is collected and processed by organisations.

Personal data is any information that can identify an individual person. This includes a name, an ID number, location data or an address, online browsing history, images or anything relating to the physical, physiological, genetic, mental, economic, cultural or social identity of a person.

Under the GDPR individuals have the significantly strengthened rights to do the following:

  • Obtain details about how their data is processed by an organisation or business
  • Obtain copies of personal data that an organisation holds on them
  • Have incorrect or incomplete data corrected
  • Have their data erased by an organisation, where, for example, the organisation has no legitimate reason for retaining the data
  • Obtain their data from an organisation and to have that data transmitted to another organisation
  • Object to the processing of their data by an organisation
  • Not to be subject to automated decision making
  • Not to be subject to profiling

Organisations must always be fully transparent to individuals about how they are using and safeguarding personal data, including by providing this information in easily accessible, concise, easy to understand and in clear language.

For organisations and businesses who breach the law, the Data Protection Commissioner (DPC) is being given more robust powers to impose very substantial sanctions including the power to impose fines. Under the new law, the DPC will be able to fine organisations up to € 10 and €20 million (2% or 4% of total global turnover) for serious infringements.

The GDPR will also permit individuals to seek compensation through the courts for breaches of their data privacy rights, including in circumstances where no material damage or financial loss has been suffered.